Monday, October 4, 2010

Reflection - Prototype

1. What are the difficulties that you have encountered during the process?

I had difficulties in getting the right amount of materials for the building of my prototype and I also did not know how to go about building the whole thing.

2. How do you overcome the difficulties encountered?

I tried my best to go around finding the materials I needed and I thought about different methods of making 3D shapes and structures.

3. What are the 2 key takeaways for this lesson?

One is planning how to go about doing something and the other is determination to complete or find something.

Thursday, July 22, 2010

Ergonomics (Product description and Idea Trigger)


















i) Describe the product. (Appearance, Color, Function, etc)

This product is a fish scale remover. It comes in two different colours which are white and orange. It has two holes side by side for gripping and holding purposes and there is a flat edge at the bottom with jagged sides to go under the scales and remove them. It is quite straightforward to use but on first impression people might not know what it is.

ii) What are the design considerations when designing this product?

Some of the design considerations is that it has to be easy to use. I has to be simple. I has to be comfortable. It has to have a good design. It has to be usable for all ages.

iii) Would an elderly face difficulty using this product? If yes, what are the difficulties that the elderly would face?

After they find out how it works they would have no difficulty or danger.

What do you think can be done to improve on the design of the product to suit the elderly?

Maybe the performance of the object can be improved by having more jagged areas to scrape the scales of the fish. It could also be shaped like a fish so it is more obvious that it is to scrape of fish scales.

Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Ergonomics II

1. What is Ergonomics?

Ergonomics is the law of designing a comfortable and safe workplace for a worker with everything the worker might need in his/her workplace.

2. What are the 5 aspects of Ergonomics?

The five aspects are:
  1. Safety
  2. Comfort
  3. Ease of Use
  4. Productivity/Performance
  5. Aesthetics

3. For each aspects of Ergonomics, explain with an example of a product that is designed for the elderly, how the product meet that particular aspect of Ergonomics.

In Safety one of the things that curb the elderly away from danger is the hand rails on top of the bath tub. However simple it may be it really helps the elderly by not slipping on the slippery surface of the bath tub. All the elderly person has to do is to pull themselves out of the bath tub and then hold to get out. It would normally have a 7 cm diameter with a strong iron material. This very compatible with the water proof friction mat that people put on the floor of the bath tub. The small bumps on the mat give the elderly a grip on the slippery surface.

















In Comfort cutlery that is designed to suit elderly that have problems eating. Some elderly have problems and this affects their eating ways. To help these elderly people some people have designed cutlery for each of these problems such as Arthritis and Mental Problems. This aids the elderly who have such problems to eat better than they used to.








In Ease of Use a walking stick is one of the things that represents it. When you see a walking stick you will immediately know how to use it. That is something that is helpful to the elderly as as the elderly grow older their level of comprehension decreases causing them to find what use to be easy activities hard. So making things such as walking sticks which are easy to understand and to use is the way to go.

In Productivity/Performance again a walking stick is an example. Even though it may just be a stick. It is productive in the sense that it achieves its purpose of helping the elderly to walk. It is also a long lasting object which shows that it has high performance. This gives the product a high overall rating.



















In Aesthetics one of the things is to design of a room to look nice and suitable to the for elderly. If the elderly does not like the layout of the room or does not like the design he.she will not want to say there as it is not their preference. This will cause them to be unhappy. So in every room aesthetics is very important.

Sunday, July 11, 2010

Ergonomics 1

1. Compare the 2 different workplaces, state your observations.

The second work place has less things cluttering the desk. It also has more mobile items which allows everything to be moved from place to place when needed. It also has designated places to keep items such as a keyboard, stationary and etc.. This is unlike the first one has many things that clutter the desk. There are too many things that are not needed on the desk. Almost everything is immobile and gives the worker no space to move. Everything is forced to fit into one place causing it to be very cramp.

2. Which workplace is preferred? State with reasons why one workplace is preferred over the other.

The second desk is preferred as it has very mobile things that can be pushed away to maximise space on the desk. There is only necessary items on the desk so that the desk is not cramped. There is also very interesting array of gadgets that can enable movement of generally immobile items.

3. What are the considerations that should be taken into account when designing a workplace that is suitable for the user?

The desk must have enough space with necessary things that would naturally be needed. Try to make the desk have hidden compartments hat can keep things. Make your desk mobile so that things can be moved around easily.

4. Why do you think that Ergonomics is important when designing?

It is important as it has a vital role in making your workplace comfortable and useful at the same time. It also makes it quite stylish.

Saturday, June 26, 2010

Elderly Challenge - Observation 4 (26th June)

Today I have observed that it is very hard for the elderly to go out and have fun. They normally must go to the void deck to have fun or stay at home to watch TV. Sometimes they have nobody at home that makes them feel very lonely and dejected. Here are some ideas that I came up with.

An elderly focus group. A small centre can be set - up under every block. The elderly in that block can go down there to watch TV with each other.They also can talk and make friends to bond the community. This way it will not be a place where nobody says hi and thinks that everyone is a stranger.

Elderly CCAs. CCAs such as Line Dancing, Sewing, etc. can be introduced in Community Centres exclusively for senior citizens. This will make them feel as if they are a important part of society. They can enter national and international competitions to make Singapore proud.

Elderly Committee. This is where senior citizens can give the government suggestions how to make Singapore a better place for the elderly. This gives the elderly a voice. This way they will be recognised in the society and they can also create a better life for themselves.

This is overall what I think the elderly should have and should do to create a better life for them in Singapore.

Monday, June 21, 2010

Holiday Homework Part 3: Elderly Room

video

This is the Elderly Friendly House I created with Phun.

Holiday Homework Part 1: Understanding the Elderly

1. Explain in your own words, the FOUR key recommendations of the report.

The first key recommendation is Housing for Seniors. This is where the elderly can be part of the community and their housing needs are all met. This is complemented by good care services for them too. The motive is to show that Singapore is the best home for all ages.

The second key recommendation is Accessibility for Seniors. This is where Singapore will be an elderly friendly place which seniors can easily access. This starts with their homes, transport, infrastructure environment etc. The motive is for Singapore to be a place where the elderly can easily roam and live.

The third key recommendation is Caring for Seniors. This is where sufficient healthcare and eldercare will be given to the elderly. The services will address all needs and will have the best quality. It will be suited to the elderly in areas such as cost and accessibility. The motive is for the elderly to be able to receive good quality healthcare and eldercare.

The fourth key recommendation is Opportunities for Seniors. This is where the elderly are part of Singapore. They will have better relationships and a healthy lifestyle. They will be an eaqual member of Singapore and will have friends young and old. The motive is to have the elderly as an equal member of society.

2. State ONE way that the CAI report is recommending to make our public housing more elderly-friendly.

One way is to have non-slip tiles.Most elderly people have trouble walking. This makes it very easy for them to fall or slip. If the surface is slippery or does not have enough friction they will fall. This can cause them to break their already weak bones or to strain their muscles. Having non - slip tiles will decrease the chances of them falling. This will take a burden of their shoulders by not having the worry of falling.

3. State TWO ways on how we can ensure that the quality of elderly care here in Singapore is affordable.

One way is the government who can ensure that no matter what the change is in the market of treatment. The elderly will always be able to afford the treatment so that they can lead a healthy lifestyle. It could be starting campaigns, waive of payment, increasing CPF, etc.

Another way is to increase the variety of treatment. This way if the elderly do not have enough money to go for a specific treatment they can go for another cheaper one that treats the same thing. The downside is that the elderly may not be informed about the variety of treatment. So introducing it is not enough but methods such as mail or advertisments must be in place so that the elderly get to know of it.

4. After reading the CAI report, what do you are the THREE things that you can do, as an SST student, to help overcome these elderly challenges.

We can create rooms and suggest ideas that we can give to a company that specialises in it. They can build a prototype and test it out. If it works they can advertise it to help the elderly. This way we students are helping the elderly lead a better life.

We can create a CCA Club that goes to an old age home to clean and entertain the senior citizens there. This will help make it a brighter place for the senior citizens who are alone. Even though it may seem pointless to you it really makes a big difference to them.

We can raise money to help the senior citizens in homes. We could start a car wash or create a campaign. This can increase the qualities of the homes or can but treatment for the residents.

Holiday Homework Part 1: Understanding the Elderly

1. Explain in your own words, the FOUR key recommendations of the report.

The first key recommendation is Housing for Seniors. This is where the elderly can be part of the community and their housing needs are all met. This is complemented by good care services for them too. The motive is to show that Singapore is the best home for all ages.

The second key recommendation is Accessibility for Seniors. This is where Singapore will be an elderly friendly place which seniors can easily access. This starts with their homes, transport, infrastructure environment etc. The motive is for Singapore to be a place where the elderly can easily roam and live.

The third key recommendation is Caring for Seniors. This is where sufficient healthcare and eldercare will be given to the elderly. The services will address all needs and will have the best quality. It will be suited to the elderly in areas such as cost and accessibility. The motive is for the elderly to be able to receive good quality healthcare and eldercare.

The fourth key recommendation is Opportunities for Seniors. This is where the elderly are part of Singapore. They will have better relationships and a healthy lifestyle. They will be an eaqual member of Singapore and will have friends young and old. The motive is to have the elderly as an equal member of society.

2. State ONE way that the CAI report is recommending to make our public housing more elderly-friendly.

One way is to have non-slip tiles.Most elderly people have trouble walking. This makes it very easy for them to fall or slip. If the surface is slippery or does not have enough friction they will fall. This can cause them to break their already weak bones or to strain their muscles. Having non - slip tiles will decrease the chances of them falling. This will take a burden of their shoulders by not having the worry of falling.

3. State TWO ways on how we can ensure that the quality of elderly care here in Singapore is affordable.

One way is the government who can ensure that no matter what the change is in the market of treatment. The elderly will always be able to afford the treatment so that they can lead a healthy lifestyle. It could be starting campaigns, waive of payment, increasing CPF, etc.

Another way is to increase the variety of treatment. This way if the elderly do not have enough money to go for a specific treatment they can go for another cheaper one that treats the same thing. The downside is that the elderly may not be informed about the variety of treatment. So introducing it is not enough but methods such as mail or advertisments must be in place so that the elderly get to know of it.

4. After reading the CAI report, what do you are the THREE things that you can do, as an SST student, to help overcome these elderly challenges.

We can create rooms and suggest ideas that we can give to a company that specialises in it. They can build a prototype and test it out. If it works they can advertise it to help the elderly. This way we students are helping the elderly lead a better life.

We can create a CCA Club that goes to an old age home to clean and entertain the senior citizens there. This will help make it a brighter place for the senior citizens who are alone. Even though it may seem pointless to you it really makes a big difference to them.

We can raise money to help the senior citizens in homes. We could start a car wash or create a campaign. This can increase the qualities of the homes or can but treatment for the residents.

Wednesday, June 16, 2010

Elderly Challenge - Observation 3 (16th June)

What I have observed so far is that it is hard for the elderly to travel. Firstly taxis. For any senior citizen. It is hard to get into a cab. Firstly they have to step onto the road, then into the taxi for them to get in. The they have to bend in and drop on to the seat. First the two steps. For anyone like us it would be very easy, but for them it would take a toll on their legs, which could easily break if it is done too fast. Secondly the bend. This can hurt the elderly very much. There will be a high strain on their backs when they do this. This can cause them to be immobile for a few seconds. The chances are higher if they do not have enough calcium in their system. The last part is where they get seated. Even though it may seem like a harmless enough action. This can leave them breathless as their insides rise and then drop down. Most of us must have felt that feeling before especially during bungee jumping. For the elderly being breathless can also lead to death. My suggestion is the seat can extend out from the taxi. May seem a bit far fetched but it is possible. Just picture the sliding function of a fireman's ladder. That can be put under the seat be operated by pulleys which are powered by motors.

Another mode that is not user friendly is the bus. But not so much nowadays. Buses are very hard to climb up. Firstly the first step is hard to reach. The to climb up the steps is another pain. If it is crowded they might not get a seat and of it is a double-decker bus, the elderly would not even be able to climb up the stairs to get a seat. If they are wheel chair bound it will be worse. Even though they have wheel chair buses. They only help wheel chair bound people. Not the elderly as a whole. I suggest that ALL buses have this ramp that all elderly people can use. For the stairs, maybe the height of each step can be thinner.

Lastly the MRT. It seems easy for the elderly to get on an MRT. There is even a lift to help them to the platform, but it is still not enough. The MRT Station is very crowded during peak hours. This gives them a chance to fall, for the wheel chair bound no space to move. For the wheel chair bound it will also be hard to rush to get into the train. Even if they do get in it will be hard to maneuver their wheel chairs and if it is very crowded they will not be able to move. I think they should have a wheel chair carriage that has wheel chair parking spaces and an elderly carriage that is filled with seats that have a barricade in between each seat for them to push themselves up.

I think that public transport are already doing a lot for the elderly, but these are just things that they can improve on.

Elderly Challenge - Observation 2 (9th June)

For the past few days I have observed that HDB Buildings are less elderly friendly. Firstly the lifts. If a senior citizen has trouble walking or is in a wheel chair, it will be very difficult for them. If there is a fire, lifts will not be able to be used. So if they stay in a high level they will have a hard time trying to escape from the fire. If they have trouble walking climbing down the stairs will be very slow and arduous. Even with assisted help the journey will still be slow and painful. It will just become much safer the senior citizen. If the person is in a wheel chair they will never be able to go down. If there is someone to help them the person who is helping must be very strong so that they can push the person down step by step without losing their grip. A suggestion to HDB will be to have half the staircase with normal stairs and the other half with a slope that has tracks for wheel chairs. Moreover wheel chairs would be a good investment for people who can not walk fast, so that when an emergency like this happens they can use it against the tracks.

Another problem is the lifts. Any senior citizen in a wheel chair would need to use the lift. But wheel chairs take up half the space of the lift. This means that if there a lot of people waiting in the void deck for the lift, many people will have to wait as at the most only two other people other than the person in the wheel chair and the helper would be able to go in, unlike under normal circumstances where 8 people can fit in with a squeeze. A good improvement would be to increase the size of lifts so that they are wheel chair friendly.

Most shelters cum connectors surrounding my block have very bumpy surfaces. For anybody in a wheel chair this will cause them to shake a lot. This will cause extreme pain to the spinal cord or their legs if they are very week. If the senior citizen cannot walk properly the chances of them tripping and falling even with a walking stick is very high. I suggest that a flat surface is built but with the smoothness of sand paper. This will give the elderly grip but a smooth ride.

This time I feel that if these ideas are all suggested it could really be a safer place for the elderly to live in.

Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Elderly Challenge - Observation 1 (2nd June)

To begin with the elderly have many problems. Let me list down a few and how most senior citizens cope with it.

From my observations many elderly people have troubles walking properly. In the rain the danger level for them is worse as the chances of them falling is higher. the chances are at its peak when they are carrying items. There are three simple solutions. Firstly they either have a full time maid to help them do everything. The second solution is a walking stick, but it is not as effective as it would be difficult for them to hold the umbrella and walk with the walking stick at the same time. The last solution is having an umbrella cum walking stick. It is basically an umbrella that has a firm rubber base to increase friction. So, when it rains they can easily use it as umbrella and when it is dry they can use it as a walking aid.

Another difficulty is cleaning up the house. All forms of cleaning activities involve stretching, mainly of the back. As we grow older our spine becomes weaker and weaker so when we stretch it we can do serious damage to it. It also requires bending of the knees which is also a strain for the elderly. Again a full time maid is a good way. Another way is a part time maid that comes every week. Some senior citizens take it upon themselves to clean their own house, but that is a huge risk for them especially if their house is very big.

One other strenuous activity is going down to get groceries. This erquires carrying a heavy load that again strains the back. It also weakens the arms. A solution that most elderly use is using the trolley which really lightens their load. Again the full time maid comes in to help. If they think they are healthy they would do it themselves which is not a safe option.

Lastly going to the toilet. It might seem simple enough but it is very difficult for them. Firstly the water on the floor makes it slippery. This makes it very easy for them to fall. Secondly most toilets have no handrails to hold onto so if they fall there is no turning back. The full time maid is one solution. Another one is a caretaker who bathes and helps the elderly in the toilet. Some elderly install railings in the toilet walls. Another group buys toilets which have a glass door separating the bathing area which is the wet area from the toilet area. The last solution some people use is to put rubber stickers on the toilet floor and the bath tub floor.

So far this is what I know and have witnessed. I feel that if someone really puts their mind to it many more innovative solutions to the problems of the elderly. This way the elderly can be 99.99% safe.

Wednesday, March 24, 2010

Personal Reflections (NEWater visit)

1. What are the 3 key takeaways from today’s visit?

I learnt the three purification steps in detail. I also learnt the number of each national tap. Moreover, I learnt how much water Singapore uses

2. Name 2 concepts that you have learnt today during the visit.

I learnt the needs and constraints of Singapore and the technology we can use to purify water.

3. What is the 1 interesting thing that you have learnt today?

I learnt that many other countries other than Singapore have water shortages easily. This shows the high development in our country that used to be in those countries shoes. This relieves me a lot.

4. What are the things that you can do to help with water conservation in Singapore?

I can always do the simple things that make a big difference in the amount of water we use. Like using a mug to brush your teeth or to use rice water to water plants.

Monday, March 8, 2010

Individual Reflection(8 Mar 2010)

1. What are the 3 key takeaways from today’s lesson?

We need to plan very well as our ideas might not come across properly. We also need to insert some level of details and zest to make your presentation a good one. We should also have good presentation skills or we will not be able to get our ideas across.

2. Name 2 concepts that you have learnt today pertaining to design and describe why is it important in design?

We need to give information on that part is for what purpose properly or else nobody will know how to use it. We also need to explain why which part is there for what.

3. What is the 1 interesting thing that you have learnt today?

I have learnt about the many possible things one can createjust by dwelling in the subject.

Sunday, February 7, 2010

Photography



Sorry, there was a problem with the uploading of photos. This is supposed to be the last part of the story.

Photography








The helping hand
I found some money
I didn't know who it belonged to
I saw something very funny
When I found the stranded money
Two boys wee playing catching
Without somebody watching
So I gave them back their money
And they were very happy

Wednesday, January 20, 2010

Isometric Drawing

Isometric means "equal measurement". The true dimension of the object is used to construct the drawing. You get the true dimension from either orthographic views or by measuring the object. Because of the convenience of using actual measurements to create the isometric image, it has become the industry standard for parts manuals, technical proposals, patent illustrations and maintainance publications.

Source:http://www.foothillsgraphics.com/iso.htm

Oblique Drawing

Oblique drawing is drawing a 3-d image with one side of the object with its true shape and the rest of the sides with different shapes.Eg: cube, cuboid

Source: Wiki answers

Orthographic Drawing

Orthographic drawing is drawing a 3d image from different 2d views. This enables us to see the 3d image from different sides.

Source:http://www.cdli.ca/depted/g7/ortho.htm

Sunday, January 17, 2010

Environment

To me the environment means a place where you are surrounded by. The things and/or people in that place make up the environment.

This is what the mac dictionary says:
The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.
• the setting or conditions in which a particular activity is carried on : a good learning environment.[This sort of environment is quite abstract in the sense that its the vibes you get from that place not the things that are there.]
• Computing the overall structure within which a user, computer, or program operates : a desktop development environment.[This environment is technological.]
2 ( the environment) the natural world, as a whole or in a particular geographical area, esp. as affected by human activity.[This is what most people refer to as environment.]

This is what wikipedia says:

Environment
may refer to:

In computing:

Look at the amount of different meanings environment. They are all completely different .

All in all I now think environment just means a place something or someone is surrounded by.



Wednesday, January 13, 2010

Personal Reflections

1. What does ADMT means to you?
Ans: Ithink it means the combinaion of art and design portrayed using media and technology.

2. What are the attitude that an ADMT student should have?
Ans: They should be interested , open-minded, and be peserverent in whatever they do.

3. What are you aspiration as an ADMT student?
Ans: I want to be able to animate well and excel in this subject.

4. How do you think you can achieve your aspiration?
Ans: By working hard and paying attention in class so as to achieve success.

Will human beings’ selfish acts bring about the Earth’s doom?

Ans: Yes!!! Definitely!!!

What we can we do to save the Earth?

Ans:
Of course we can reuse, reduce and recycle. For example, we can reuse big juice bottles as watering cans or plant pots. We can also reduce our use of plastic bags by using big recyclable bags instead, especially when we go marketing. Recycling of boxes to make art and craft, and making sure that we dump recyclables to the recycling bins, are ways we can do our part.

I also think we should plant more trees in barren land and stop cutting down trees. This is because the more trees there are, there will be less carbon emissions as plants absorbs the most carbon dioxide in this world. To add on, plants give out oxygen which we need, to live.

World leaders should start working more cooperatively with the smaller nations in the world to save the earth from its doom. During the recent United Nations Climate Change Conference Copenhagen 2009, the President of the United States of America said that they were going to take note of what was needed to be done. Only Brazil, China, US, South Africa and India were agreeable. The rest of the smaller nations were not happy with the decisions made as what the bigger nations agreed on did not really address the world issue of global warming. The smaller nations called the agreement the start of a holocaust.

I also agree with the idea of synthetic trees being developed from the baobab trees, native to Africa and Australia, to temporarily store carbon dioxide. Please read this article about it.
This would buy us some time to save the world.